There is one sure way to completely shut down an argument: show the person you’re trying to sway that you haven’t done the background research to know what you’re talking about.
In the realm of religion and science there are 2 perfect examples
The Book of Revelation is the last book of the Christian Bible. It can go by a number of different names:
The Revelation to John
The Apocalypse of John
I’ve even seen a long form of it spelled out as The Apocalypse of St John the Apostle
But it’s never called “Revelations”.
And anytime a person who’s trying to argue with a Christian adds an S onto Revelation there is a good chance that the Christian checks out.
The thought being:
This person isn’t taking this argument seriously enough to go do the tiny amount of research necessary to even argue with me.
Why would I listen to them, then?
The same in arguments about science.
The book The Origin of Species by Charles Darwin can also go several names:
On the Origin of Species
On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection
On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life
But it is never called “The Origin of the Species”
That’s not the name of the book and the same thing happens when people call it that in an argument.
The opponent checks out and doesn’t take the rest of the conversation seriously.
If you want to convince someone of your argument or even get them to take it seriously you have to understand the terms and sources they use. At least casually, so they’ll respect your thoughts on the subject.
In both these cases I’ve even seen works published with the wrong title. That shows that even editors of texts meant to be taken seriously haven’t done their due diligence to know the title of the book in question.
But these are just good examples
There are many more
The point is, before trying to persuade others you have to spend the time to know what others believe.
In all productive conversations I’ve ever had, it’s only when I try to see the world through beliefs that are not my own that I can approach someone to try to change their mind.